Periodontal disease is a bacterial infection of the gums and tissues which surround the teeth. It is frequently the result of the buildup of plaque and tartar along the gum line. This buildup occurs when the teeth are not routinely brushed and flossed. Medical issues such as diabetes and even consuming too many sugary foods or drinks can also contribute to the condition. There are two major types of periodontal disease: gingivitis and periodontitis. Gingivitis affects only the gums and is the preliminary stage of the disease. It is a mild form of periodontal disease, and when cared for properly it can be reversed. When the disease progresses, it reaches stage two- periodontitis. During this more destructive stage, bacteria reach deep into the pockets of tissue where bone and membrane support the teeth. Periodontitis can lead to tooth loss and serious health problems.
Periodontal disease is known as a “silent” disease because obvious symptoms, particularly pain, don’t frequently present themselves. Some symptoms can include:
Several different things will be taken into account when treating periodontal disease. A great deal will depend on the stage of disease and the amount of deterioration affecting the gums, supporting tissues, teeth, and bone. Treatments can include:
For more information about these procedures and your other options, contact the office to schedule a consultation with the doctor.
Feel free to email us regarding any scheduling or general questions!